His exegetical method was the forerunner of modern commentaries, thus his commentaries remain modern althought written centuries ago. Calvin's Bible Commentaries: Matthew, Mark and Luke, Part II: (Forgotten Books) Paperback – December 17, 2007 by John Calvin (Author) … Calvin: Commentaries John Calvin. Besides, Matthew chose to divide the genealogy of Christ into three departments, and to make each department to contain fourteen persons. He discharged, indeed, the office of Mediator from the beginning of the world; but as this depended wholly on the latest revelation, he is justly called Immanuel at that time, when clothed, as it were, with a new character, he appears in public as a Priest, to atone for the sins of men by the sacrifice of his body, to reconcile them to the Father by the price of his blood, and, in a word, to fulfill every part of the salvation of men. His commentaries display a rare combination of exegetical insight, pastoral concern, and theological depth which have inspired generations of Christians. Bucer, a man of revered memory, and an eminent teacher of the Church of God, who above all others appears to me to have labored successfully in this field, has been especially my model. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co. / 1994 / Trade Paperback. ",  "Il est nomme Premier nay, mais non pour autre raison, sinon afin que nous sachions qu'il est nay d'une mere vierge, et qui jamais n'avoit eu enfant;" -- "he is called First-born, but for no other reason than that we may know that he was born of a pure virgin, and who never had had a child.". Should any one allege, that this does not enable us to decide, with perfect certainty, that Mary was of the same tribe with Joseph, because she was his wife, I grant that the bare narrative, as it stands, would not prove it without the aid of other circumstances. And Hezekiah begat Manasseh. The etymology too agrees with Matthew's translation of the word: for it means hiding,  which expresses the modesty that becomes a virgin. This volume marks the first of three which contain his excellent harmony of the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and … And he entered into a ship, and passed over, and came into his own city. When a "damsel betrothed to an husband" was convicted of being unchaste, the law condemned both of the guilty parties as adulterers: "the damsel, because she cried not, being in the city; and the man, because he hath humbled his neighbor's wife," (Deuteronomy 22:23, 24.). Matthew 24:1-8. And Amminadab begat Nahshon. -- "If any one is tickled by a curiosity, which asks for more of it. ",  "Quum essent extranei." The inference he drew from it was, that Mary remained a virgin no longer than till her first birth, and that afterwards she had other children by her husband. These excerpts represent exceptional insights either on the text itself or on Christian living. It was, therefore, nothing wonderful or uncommon, if the mother of Elisabeth were married to a priest. If Solomon is struck out of Mary's genealogy, Christ will no longer be Christ; for all inquiry as to his descent is founded on that solemn promise, "I will set up thy seed after thee; I will establish the throne of his kingdom for ever. -- "That Joseph intended to forgive his wife, and conceal her offense, because he was just. Genesis 70+ Ezra 6+. 6. But granting all that they ask as to the meaning of the word, the subject demonstrates, and compels the acknowledgment, that the prophet is speaking of a miraculous and extraordinary birth. The angel removes his suspicion of guilt, with the view of enabling him to dwell with his wife with a safe conscience. His most notable theological stance is the belief that God is sovereign in the matters of salvation and election. Hear about sales, receive special offers & more. But we have not yet replied to their objection, that the ancestry of Joseph has nothing to do with Christ. 31: Matthew, Mark and Luke, Part I, tr. ), First, this passage shows that the Gospel is a testimony of the revealed salvation, which had been formerly promised to the Fathers in an uninterrupted succession of ages. Calvin preached and wrote prolifically on the Bible. commentary. , 3. And, indeed, the freely bestowed adoption, by which we are made sons of God, as it proceeds from the good pleasure which the Father had from eternity, has been revealed to us in this respect, that Christ (who alone is the Son of God by nature) has clothed himself with our flesh, and made us his brethren. His commentaries grace the shelves of countless believers and are a valuable asset for both in … Calvin’s Commentaries (46 vols.) It is more probable, in my opinion â and the nature of the case warrants the conjecture â that he had not seen Matthewâs book when he wrote his own; so far is he from having expressly intended to make an abridgment. And Rehoboam begat Abijah. Yet it must be observed that, when the prophet reminds unbelievers of the general covenant, it is a sort of reproof, because they did not accept of a particular sign. It is because the prophet draws our attention to something very uncommon. The first is; Luke ascends by a retrograde order, from the last to the first, while Matthew begins with the source of the genealogy. -- "Whereas Ishmael and Esau were thrown out and banished from it as strangers.". ",  "Abusez par un mot mal tourne;" -- "deceived by a word ill translated. Mark is generally supposed to have been the private friend and disciple of Peter. And Abijah begat Asa. Biblical Repository, July 1832. We see how God chose to employ an angel in informing his servant Joseph, that to others he might be a heavenly herald, and that the intelligence which he conveyed might not be borrowed from his wife, or from any mortal. And Abiud begat Eliakim. For from David to Salathiel, and again from Zerubbabel till Joseph, the names are totally different. So far from claiming the praise of having brought out something new, I readily acknowledge, as becomes an honest man, that I have adopted this method in imitation of others. And thou shalt call his name JESUS. 1. What that anointing was, and to what it referred, I shall not now illustrate at great length. Calvin's Commentaries, Part 33 Matthew, Mark and Luke, Part III tr. John Calvin was one of the great theologians of the Protestant Reformation. The first was, that, after a fast of forty days, he might come forth as a new man, or rather a heavenly man, to the discharge of his office. Bible > Calvin's Commentaries > Matthew 10 Matthew 10 Calvin's Commentaries. Hitherto, if I mistake not, I have refuted, by strong and conclusive arguments, the calumnies of the Jews, by which they endeavor to prevent the glory of Christ from appearing, with resplendent luster, in this prediction. If the reason of this name began to be actually true, when Christ appeared in the flesh, it follows that it was not completely, but only in part, that God was formerly united with the Fathers. And Judah begat Pharez and Zarah by Tamar. -- "It was easy for them to point it out, as with the finger, and without a long story. 10. 17. Book List. ",  "Quia esset ex ea familia, et quidem superstes cum paucis;" -- "d'autant qu'il estoit de cette famille, et mesmes que d'icelle il estoit quasi seul vivant, avec quelques autres en bien petit nombre;" -- "because he was of that family, and even of that he was almost sole survivor, with some others in very small number. The same remark is applicable to Mary's silence. The phrase employed by the Evangelist, before they came together, is either a modest appellation for conjugal intercourse, or simply means, "before they came to dwell together as husband and wife, and to make one home and family." Harmony of the Evangelists, Part 2 Commentary … was promised by God in the Scriptures, through the prophets, concerning his Son Jesus Christ our Lord, who was made of the seed of David according to the flesh, and declared to be the Son of God with power, according to the Spirit of sanctification, by the resurrection from the dead. And Jehoshaphat begat Jorem. So all the generations from Abraham to David. 2. He exclaims that he is bringing a sign from the Lord, and not an ordinary sign, but one superior to every other. And Obed begat Jesse. And Jacob begat Judah and his brethren. He was not overcome by the insinuating address of his wife. But as we must seek him in the word of God, the Spirit wisely directs us, through another Evangelist, to the holy race of Abraham, to whose hands the treasure of eternal life, along with Christ, was committed for a time, (Romans 3:1. For the same reason, the Lord permitted Mary to enter into the married state, that under the veil of marriage, till the full time for revealing it, the heavenly conception of the virgin might be concealed. Hence, too, we learn in what way or manner Christ saves; he delivers us from sins This deliverance consists of two parts. And while he was considering these things We see here how seasonably, and, as we would say, at the very point, the Lord usually aids his people. The Gospel, therefore, is a public exhibition of the Son of God manifested in the flesh,(1 Timothy 3:16,) to deliver a ruined world, and to restore men from death to life. Biblical Repository, July 1832. , 12. The nature of the case made it little short of incredible. That general rule would not, indeed, be sufficient to prove Mary's royal descent; for she might have belonged to the tribe of Judah, and yet not have been a descendant of the family of David. There were also the Commentaries on all the books of the New Testament, except 2 John and 3 … We must not, therefore, look to this passage for ascertaining the common law. The Lord permitted his servant Joseph to be betrayed by ignorance into an erroneous conclusion, that, by his own voice, he might bring him back to the right path. Commentary on Matthew, Mark, Luke - Volume 1 by John Calvin. It now remains to inquire, lastly, why Matthew included the whole genealogy of Christ in three classes, and assigned to each class fourteen persons. Yet it is proper for us to know, that this was done more on our account than for his personal advantage: for every necessary method was adopted by God, to prevent unfavorable suspicion from falling on the heavenly message. As to Joash being called "the son of Ahaziah," (2 Chronicles 22:11,) the reason is, that he was the nearest relative, and was justly considered to be the true and direct heir of the crown. Precise and authoritative, yet clear and accessible, this volume will benefit all who are interested in understanding the fullness and depth of these important parts of Scripture. His most notable theological stance is the belief that God is sovereign in the matters of salvation and election. The prophet rebukes him sharply, and at length adds, "The Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel," (Isaiah 7:14. New Testament Commentary Survey, 7th ed. John Calvin (1507-1564) was part of the reformation movement of the sixteenth century. Matthew and Luke unquestionably do not observe the same order; for immediately after David the one puts Solomon, and the other, Nathan; which makes it perfectly clear that they follow different lines. John Calvin. Hence they infer, that the promised birth of the child would be delayed for a very short time; otherwise, it would not agree with the rapidly approaching change of the kingdoms, which, the prophet announeed, would take place before that child should have passed half the period of infancy. And forgive us our debts Here it may be proper that we should be reminded of what I said a little before, that Christ, in arranging the prayers of his people, did not consider which was first or second in order. And Boaz begat Obed by Ruth. Now the birth of Jesus Christ was in this manner. In the case of Salathiel and Zerubbabel, the same names, I think, were purposely retained, on account of the change which had taken place in the nation: because the royal authority was then extinguished. Granting that modest reserve prevented her from venturing to tell her husband, that she was with child by the Holy Spirit, it was not so much by her own choice, as by the providence of God that she was restrained. Highly respected New Testament scholar D. A. Carson provides students and pastors with expert guidance on choosing a commentary for any book of the New Testament. The book of the generation of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham. Matthew 24:1-8. The appellation, Son of David, was employed on the present occasion, in order to elevate his mind to that lofty mystery; for he belonged to that family, and was one of the surviving few,  from whom the salvation promised to the world could proceed. And, first, they display an excessive eagerness for disputation, by laboring  to prove that a word, which is uniformly applied in Scripture to virgins, denotes here a young woman who had known a man. -- "Namely, Ahaziah son of Jehoram, Joash, and Amaziah," (2 Chronicles 22, 23, 24, 25.  Hence we infer, that he was not of so soft and effeminate a disposition, as to screen and promote uncleanness under the pretense of merciful dealing: he only made some abatement from stern justice, so as not to expose his wife to evil report. The kingly office had been formerly held by Saul; but, as he reached it through tumult and the ungodly wishes of the people, the lawful possession of the office is supposed to have commenced with David, more especially in reference to the covenant of God, who promised that "his throne should be established for ever," (2 Samuel 7:16.)  "Car il emporte Retraitte ou Cachette, qui est pour denoter ceste honte honeste qui doit estre es vierges;" -- "for it signifies Retreat or Concealment, which serves to denote that becoming shame which ought to be in virgins.". Such is well known to have been the practice of the inspired writers. The Greek word metoikesia, which the old translator renders transmigration, and Erasmus renders exile, literally signifies a change of habitation. You can unsubscribe at any time. Website: ntslibrary.com. Of his commentaries, Calvin's Commentary on Matthew, Mark, and Luke is well-known--unsurprisingly, given the power, insight, and instruction it has. The meaning is, that the Jews were compelled to leave their country, and to dwell as "strangers in a land that was not theirs," (Genesis 15:13. The third is; Matthew treats of his legal descent, and allows himself to make some omissions in the line of ancestors, choosing to assist the reader's memory by arranging them under three fourteens; while Luke follows the natural descent with greater exactness. The word son, they allege, is put for son-in-law, and the interpretation they give to Joseph being called the son of Heli is, that he had married Heli's daughter. That satisfaction by which sins are blotted out, so that we are no longer under the curse and the sentence of, death, is to be found nowhere else than in the sacrifice of his death. Whoever expunges Solomon from Christ's genealogy does at the same time, obliterate and destroy those promises by which he must be acknowledged to be the son of David. The seventh edition has been updated to assess the most recently published commentaries. By Christ's people the angel unquestionably means the Jews, to whom he was appointed as Head and King; but as the Gentiles were shortly afterwards to be ingrafted into the stock of Abraham, (Romans 11:17,) this promise of salvation is extended indiscriminately to all who are incorporated by faith in the "one body" (1 Corinthians 12:20) of the Church. 20. ",  "Somme, pour faire et accomplir toutes choses requises au salut du genre humain;" -- "in a word, to do and accomplish all things requisite for the salvation of the human race. And then they assume the airs of haughty triumph,  as if this objection of the Christians had originated in ignorance or thoughtlessness, and were now forgotten and buried. These electronic texts of Calvin's Commentaries were prepared through the labor of volunteers for the OnLine Bible project and the Christian Classics Ethereal Library in conjunction with the good folks at @Ages Software.Much work in programming and editing was done by Skip Gaede. Ahaz trembles, and is almost dead with terror. In order to read with profit the Evangelical history, it is of great importance to understand the meaning of the word Gospel. It was the design of God to show that, in establishing this kingdom, nothing depended on human merits. And when he had called unto him his twelve disciples, he gave them power against unclean spirits, to cast them out, and to heal all manner of sickness and all manner of disease. He is called first-born; but it is for the sole purpose of informing us that he was born of a virgin. As to the word itself, it is only necessary to say that, after the royal authority was abolished, it began to be applied exclusively to Him, from whom they were taught to expect a full recovery of the lost salvation. But he is expressly called the Savior of the Church. Next followed the effect of faith. It is also worthy of remark, that the additional number in Luke's catalogue to that of Matthew is nothing strange; for the number of persons in the natural line of descent is usually greater than in the legal line. Matthew, therefore, presents him to our contemplation as belonging to that holy race, to which he had been expressly appointed. They are of great doxological value not just for preachers and teachers, but for your own soul. ",  "Faisant grand cas de leur argument;" -- "setting great store by their argument. John Calvin (1507-1564) was part of the reformation movement of the sixteenth century. On this head I have thought it necessary to warn my readers, that they may not be shocked at fooleries of the same description which occur in every part of his history. And Eliud begat Eleazar. That promise was still in force, "The Lord thy God is among you," (Deuteronomy 7:21,) and, "This is my rest for ever," (Psalm 132:14.) He was followed by the writer of these pages in his Commentary on the Epistle to the Romans.” — Literarischer Anzeiger fur 1831. Bible > Bible Commentary; John Calvin’s Bible Commentary; About John Calvin’s Bible Commentary. Certainly, neither the father nor the grandfather of Christ is mentioned, but the ancestry of Joseph himself is carefully explained. Format: PDF. Whole Bible CommentariesWhole Bible Commentaries 60+Bible Background, Survey & Introduction 78+Biblical Theology 30+Old Testament Commentaries 1,200+Commentaries on the Whole Old Testament 12+.. Old Testament Background, Survey, Authenticity & Introduction 35+. ACCORDING TO MATTHEW, MARK, AND LUKE . While he grants no particular sign to testify his grace, this one sign ought to be deemed more than sufficient to meet your wishes. 24. I have received 22 volumes, but did not receive copy of "Beveridge edition of Calvin's Insittutes" as stated. The reason why this mystery was not immediately made known to a greater number of persons appears to be this. 12. ",  "Si quem titillat major curiositas." 4. He therefore intimates, that the blessing promised in Christ does not refer to the tribe of Judah alone, but belongs equally to all the children of Jacob, whom God gathered into his Church, while Ishmael and Esau were treated as strangers. from the stock of David the Messiah will arise." Matthew, departing from the natural lineage, which is followed by Luke, reckons up the legal genealogy. The cause of this destruction ought also to be observed; for it is not unjustly, or without good reason, that the Heavenly Judge pronounces us to be accursed. It is justly called a good andjoyful message, for it contains perfect happiness. John Calvin Commentary 3x Larger Than Matthew Henry Bible Commentary free download - Matthew Henry Commentary Bible, Matthew Henry Commentary, Matthew Henry Commentary , … Eusebius, in the first book of his Ecclesiastical History, adopting the opinion of Africanus, prefers applying the epithet legal to the genealogy which is traced by Luke. Suspecting his wife of adultery, and even convinced that she was an adulterer, he was unwilling to hold out the encouragement of lenity to such a crime. And so it became a customary way of speaking among the Jews to call Christ the son of David, 2. If any one is tickled  by a keener curiosity, I remember Paul's admonition, and prefer sobriety and modesty to trifling and useless disputes. There is another piece of sophistry by which the Jews endeavor to parry our argument. Use Bible commentary free online for Bible study including these popular commentaries; Matthew Henry, John Calvin, Geneva Study Bible, Martin Luther's, John Gill's, Jamieson, Faussett & … He may, indeed, hide himself, and remain silent; but, when our patience has been subjected to the trial, he will aid us at the time which his own wisdom has selected. He was not induced by human arguments to take the opposite side. They excuse Matthew for laying down the ancestry of Joseph, on the ground, that he did it for the sake of many persons, who were still of opinion that he was the father of Christ. God communicates with men list, it would be ruler of the names are totally.. Violence it hurries its possessor chatouille de curiosite qui en demande d'avantage. '' incidit. ). Harmony of the reformation movement of the Jews to call Christ the son of David, one. Himself, met with his wife, who is called Christ the English version, dissembling... 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